Type Carrier-based multirole fighter
Country of origin Soviet Union/Russia
First flight 23 July 1988
Introduced Data is not available
Numbers built 21
Unit costs Approximately US$ 46 million
Max speed Maximum speed: Mach 2+ (2,200 km/h, 1,370 mph) / At low altitude: Mach 1.2 (1,400 km/h, 870 mph)
Rate of climb: initial 330 m/s, average 109 m/s 0-6000 m (65,000 ft/min)
Max range Ferry range: 2,000 km (1,240 mi) / 3,000 km (1,860 mi) with 3 drop tanks
Service ceiling: 17,500 m (57,400 ft)
Dimensions Length: 17.3 m (57.76 ft)
Wingspan: 11.99 m (39.34 ft)
Height: 4.40 m (14.44 ft)
Wing area: 43 m² (462 ft²)
Weight Loaded weight: 18,550 kg (40,900 lb)
Max takeoff weight: 24,500 kg (54,000 lb)
Powerplant 2 × Klimov RD-33MK afterburning turbofans, 9,000 kgf (88.3 kN, 19,800 lbf) each
1 x 30 mm GSh-30-1 cannon with 100 rounds
9 hardpoints (5 wet): 8 x under-wing, 1 x centerline for up to 5,500 kg (12,125 lb) of weapons and fuel tanks, including:
Eight air-to-air missiles — a mix of infrared homing, semi-active radar homing (SARH) and Active radar homing.
FAB 500-M62 General-purpose bomb,
FAB-1000, (1,500 kg / 3,300 lb),
KAB-500KR electro-optical TV-guided fire and forget bomb
Flares/Infrared decoys dispenser pod and chaff pod or Electronic countermeasures (ECM) pod or Targeting pods or Refuelling pods
Operators India, Russia
Another family member of the MiG-29 fighters is the MiG-29K Fulcrum-D, a carrier-based multirole fighter aircraft which was developed in the late of 1980s from the design of MiG-29M by the Mikoyan design bureau. The all weather fighter features multi-function radar and a number of new cockpit displays; the use of HOTAS (hands-on-throttle-and-stick) controls; the integration of RVV-AE air-to-air missiles, coupled with missiles for anti-ship and anti-radar operations; and a few ground/strike precision-guided weapons. These features differ from the prototypes of MiG-29K.
In the early 1990s, the rival SU-27K won the Russian Navys’ requirements and MiG-29K had only two prototypes. However, the Mikoyan Design Bureau continued developing the MiG-29K aircraft regardless of a defieicency of financing since 1992. The programme was elevated in the late 1990s to fulfill an Indian requirement for a ship-borne fighter immediately after the purchase of a former Soviet aircraft carrier. It was first received by the Indian Navy in 2009.
The Development of MiG-29K
The MiG-29K project was started in the late 1970s when the Soviet Navy created a requirement for a supersonic carrier-based fighter. To satisfy this requirement, the Mikoyan design bureau initially designed a concept of the MiG-29 built with a more robust undercarriage and a strengthened tail section with an arrestor hook, designated the MiG-29KVP (Korotkii Vzlet i Posadka which means short take off and landing). The KVP’s maiden flight was on 21 August 1982 while the MiG-29K took its maiden flight on 23 July 1988 at Saky. At the time of 1989–1991, the MiG-29K went through more tests on-board the Admiral Kuznetsov.
The MiG-29K program was amplified to answer the final choice of the Indian Navy to purchase the former Soviet Navy aircraft carrier Admiral Gorshkov in 2004. When Admiral Gorshkov was element of the Soviet fleet, it was a hybrid carrier/cruiser using vertical take-off (V/STOL) aircraft; consequently the deck was renovated with a take-off ramp and arrestor wires for MiG-29Ks operations. The ship’s combat group is probably going to operate 12 MiG-29K fighters. The aircraft has an enlarged and folding wing, an arrestor hook and a corrosion-protected strengthened fuselage. The Indian Navy preferred the MiG-29K instead of the Su-33 because of the larger size of the Su-33, which reduce the the number of aircraft on the deck of aicraft-carrier.
The Design of MiG-29K
The MiG-29K was tremendously customized from the Mikoyan MiG-29M for naval missions. The airframe and undercarriage were reinforced to hold up against the stress encountered upon landing. Folding wings, an arrestor hook, and catapult attachments were incorporated for carrier operations; the aircraft’s undercarriage was also gets wider. The MiG-29K, in contrast to the original MiG-29, can both perform aerial refueling and buddy refueling.
The MiG-29K has two broadly-spaced RD-33MKs. The RD-33MK engine has 7% higher power over the base RD-33, which was put on the prototypes. Internal fuel was enhanced from 3,340 kg to 4,560 kg, to provide a combat radius of 850 km (531 mi). The range can be raised to 3,000 kilometers with the help of 3 underwing fuel drop tanks. The maximum weight of the aircraft grew from 19.5 to 22.4 t, to accommodate greater payloads. The MiG-29KUB, two-seat variant, designed for pilot training, can also carry out combat missions similar to the single-seat fighter.
The MiG-29K is furnished with three multifunctional color liquid-crystal displays while there are seven LCDs on the MiG-29KUB. The MiG-29K features a four-channel digital fly-by-wire flight control system, passive anti-radar missile homing system, Sigma-95 GPS receiver, TopOwl helmet-mounted targeting system and electronic countermeasures (ECM). Additionally, an onboard oxygen generating system eliminates the need for heavy oxygen canisters.
MiG-29K armed with a GSh-30-1 30 mm cannon in the port wing root. The supersonic fighter is also equipped with laser-guided and electro-optical bombs, air-to-surface missiles like Kh-25ML/25MP, Kh-29T, Kh-31G/31A antiship missile, Kh-35U antiship missile, Kh-31P passive radar seeker missiles as anti-radiation missiles and also some rockets. For aerial combat, MiG-29K is armed with air-to-air missile such as RVV-AE, R-27ER/ET and R-73E. Another extra feature is the aircraft is also accommodating various foreign weapons.
MiG-29K Fulcrum-D videos
MiG-29K at MAKS 2003