Type Attack aircraft
Country of origin Soviet Union
Manufacturer Mikoyan OKB
First flight 20 August 1970
Numbers built 1,075 including licensed production
Unit costs Data is not available
Max speed at sea level: Mach 1.10 (1,350 km/h, 839 mph) 
at 8,000-metre altitude (26,250 ft): Mach 1.77 (1,885 km/h, 1,171 mph)
Rate of climb: 200 m/s (39,400 ft/min)
Max range Combat radius:
780 km (480 mi)
540 km (290 nmi; 340 mi) (with two Kh-29 ASMs and three drop tanks lo-lo-lo)
225 km (120 nmi; 140 mi) (with two Kh-29 ASMs and no external fuel)
Ferry range: 2,500 km (1,550 mi)
Service ceiling: 14,000 m (46,000 ft)
Dimensions Length: 17.08 m (56 ft 0 in)
Spread: 13.97 m (45 ft 10 in)
Swept: 7.78 m (25 ft 6 in)
Height: 5 m (16 ft 5 in)
Spread: 37.35 m2 (402.0 sq ft)
Swept: 34.16 m2 (367.7 sq ft)
Weight Empty weight: 11,908 kg (26,253 lb) (equipped) 
Loaded weight: 20,300 kg (44,800 lb)
Max takeoff weight: 20,670 kg (45,570 lb)
Powerplant 1 × Khatchaturov R-29B-300 afterburning turbojet
Dry thrust: 78.5 kN (17,650 lbf)
Thrust with afterburner: 112.8 kN (25,360 lbf)
1 × GSh-6-30 30 mm cannon with 260–300 rounds 
installed gun pods for (optional) SPPU-22 and SPPU-6
One centerline, four fuselage, and two wing glove pylons with a capacity of 4,000 kg (8,800 lb) 
Missiles: pre-installed rocket pods for various (optional) laser, TV and electro-optically guided ASMs and PGMs 
Bombs: general-purpose bombs (optional)
Operators Current Operators:
India, Sri Lanka, Kazakhstan
Cuba, Iran, Russia, Ukraine, Soviet Union
The development of MiG-27 was based on the Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23 fighter aircraft with some modification to allow the aircraft to perform ground-attack mission. Therefore, it was possibly a reason why the MiG-27 was not used widely in the world, unlike the MiG-23BN and Sukhoi Su-25.
MiG-27 had been used in several conflicts such as in Afghanistan during 1987-1990, Sri Lankan Civil War and Kashmir conflict.
The Design and Development of MiG-27
The MiG-27 features the basic airframe of the MiG-23 with a modified nose. As the MiG-23BN performance was not satisfying, the Mikoyan-Gurevich started to take the further development of the basic airframe of MiG-23 to support a more powerful undercarriage, less complicated intakes and a shorter exhaust nozzle, without having radar for a downward-sloping profile for increased pilot visibility. Extra cockpit armor was put in, together with a completely new navigation and attack system.
To perform its role as a ground-attacker, the MiG-27 was designed to fly at low altitude. As a result, the MiG-23′s variable intake ramps and exhaust nozzles were removed to have a simpler fixed configuration, decreasing weight and maintenance requirements. The MiG-27 also features larger, heavy-duty landing gear to accomplish operation from low-quality airfields. And for accomplishing its task, the MiG-27 can carry a load of missiles and bombs, including nuclear bomb.
The Variants of MiG-27
Some variants of MiG-27 had been produced, such as:
- MiG-23B, the first Flogger attack variant.
- MiG-23BN, this variant used the RB-29B-300 engine.
- MiG-27 (MiG-23BM), the first in the MiG-27 family to have a canopy without the central frame, suggesting that the ejection seat was designed to directly break through the transparency.
- MiG-27K Flogger-J2, the most advanced variant Soviet version.
- MiG-27M Flogger-J, a cheaper variant than the MiG-27K.
- MiG-27ML, an export variant.
- MiG-27H, this variant was an indigenous Indian upgrade of its license-assembled MiG-27L with French avionics.
MiG-27 – Russian Attack Aviation