Type Multirole fighter
Country of origin France
Manufacturer Dassault Aviation
First flight 10 March 1978
Introduced November 1982
Numbers built 601 units
Unit costs USD 23 million
Max speed Mach 2.2 (2,530+ km/h, 1,500+ mph) at high altitude/ 1,110 km/h (690 mph) at low altitude
Max range Range: 1,550 km (837 nmi, 963 mi) with drop tanks
Ferry range: 3,335 km (1,800 nmi, 2,073 mi) with auxiliary fuel
Dimensions Length: 14.36 m (47 ft 1 in)
Wingspan: 9.13 m (29 ft)
Height: 5.20 m (17 ft)
Weight Empty weight: 7,500 kg (16,350 lb)
Loaded weight: 13,800 kg (30,420 lb)
Max takeoff weight: 17,000 kg (37,500 lb)
Powerplant 1 × SNECMA M53-P2 afterburning turbofan
Dry thrust: 64.3 kN (14,500 lbf)
Thrust with afterburner: 95.1 kN (21,400 lbf)
Armament Guns: 2× 30 mm (1.18 in) DEFA 554 revolver cannon, 125 rounds per gun
Hardpoints: 9 total (4× under-wing, 5× under-fuselage) with a capacity of 6,300 kg (13,900 lb) external fuel and ordnance
Rockets: Matra 68 mm unguided rocket pods, 18 rockets per pod
6× MBDA MICA IR/RF
2× Matra R550 Magic-II and 2× Matra Super 530D
2× AM.39 Exocet
2× AS-30L laser guided missile
1× ASMP tactical nuclear cruise missile
Bombs: 9× Mk.82
Operators Brazil, Egypt, France, Greece, India, Peru, Qatar, Republic of China (Taiwan), United Arab Emirates
The Dassault Mirage 2000 was initially designed as a lightweight fighter using the concept of the Mirage III. The first design came to surface in the late 1970s and later Dassault Aviation, a French aircraft manufacturer, developed the Mirage 2000 into a multirole fighter for the Armée de l’Air (French Air Force). This single-engine fighter has several variants and had been serving several countries outside the France up to 2009.
Dassault Aviation had a series of projects throughout 1965 to 1975. The Anglo-French Variable Geometry (AFVG) swing-wing aircraft was the first project of the manufacturer. The project was collaboration between British and French aircraft manufacturers. However, the project ended in a failure resulting in the pull out of the French manufacturer. The British kept going on with the project and creating collaboration with The Italians and Germans and this project led to the born of the Panavia Tornado, a multirole fighter aircraft.
At the same time, Dassault stayed to work on several new concepts which were developed from the design of the experimental prototype of the Mirage G. The works led to a new sophisticated concept called Avion de Combat Futur (ACF – means Future Combat Aircraft) in the early 1970s. Dassault proposed a twin-engine Super Mirage. Unfortunately, as the Super Mirage bore a high cost then the project was aborted in 1975.
The design of the Mirage 2000
The Mirage 2000 uses a delta wing which is originally the concept of the Dassault Mirage III interceptor. However, Dassault made a breakthrough by building a fighter using a low-set thin delta wing and two small canard wings which actually is not ideal for a fighter in terms of maneuverability, take-off and landing distance and low-altitude flight. Dassault kept using the delta wing concept due to its advantages in internal volume, high-speed flight, construction simplicity and low radar signature.
The Mirage 2000 uses a right combination of negative stability and fly-by-wire flight control system to produce a high degree of agility and the combination creates easier handling. Using centre stick and left-hand throttles, pilots who sit on SEM MB Mk10 ejection seat can handle this multi-role fighter in easy way. The seat is a license built version of the British Martin-Baker Mark 10. Basically there are two types of the Mirage 2000: a single-seat and two-seat. However, as the Mirage doesn’t use a bubble canopy, the cockpit is quite small but the design keeps maintaining a good visibility.
Some good avionics equipments are put in the Mirage 2000 such as Sagem ULISS 52 INS (Inertial Navigation System), Dassault Electronique Type 2084 central digital computer, Sextant Avionique Type 90 air data computer, TRT radio altimeter and Digibus digital data bus. For Mirage 2000C/D, the manufacturer used the Thomson-CSF RDM multi-mode radar or Dassault Electronique/Thomson-CSF RDI pulse-Doppler radar.
The Mirage 2000 is powered by SNECMA M53 afterburning bypass turbojet engine or SNECMA M53-P2 low-bypass ratio turbofan engine. They generate 64 kilonewtons (14,000 lbf) of thrust dry and 98 kilonewtons (22,000 lbf) in afterburner.
For combating, the Mirage 2000 carries twin DEFA 554, later uses GIAT 30-550 F4) 30 mm revolver-type cannons with 125 rounds each and fire rates of 1,200 or 1,800 rounds per minute. The Mirage 2000 can also carry 6.3 tonnes of stores on nine pylons. Some missile of bombs can be placed on the pylons which divide by five pylons under the fuselage and two pylons on each wing.
The variants of the Mirage 2000
These are some variants of the Mirage 2000 multirole fighter:
- Mirage 2000C – The C stands for Chasseur (Fighter). There were a total of 124 Mirage 200Cs produced.
- Mirage 200B – Two-seat variant that can be converted from trainer to operational aircraft.
- Mirage 2000N – Nuclear strike variant. There were total of 75 units of the Mirage 2000N built. This variant was designed to bring the Aerospatiale Air-Sol Moyenne Portee (ASMP) nuclear stand-off missile.
- Mirage 2000D – Non nuclear or conventional strike variant which was developed based on the Mirage 200N.
- Mirage 2000-5 – Upgraded version of the Mirage 2000B/C to be comparable with the then latest version of the F-16 Fighting Falcon.
- Mirage 2000-5 Mark 2 – Improved version of the Mirage 2000-5. It is the most advanced variant of the Mirage 2000 series.
- Mirage 2000E – The export variant of the Mirage 2000. The aircraft is powered by the M53-P2 engine.
- Mirage 2000M (Egypt) – The export variant for Egypt.
- Mirage 2000H (India) – The export variant for India. There were total of 51 Mirage 2000H for the country.
- Mirage 2000P (Peru) – The export variant for Peru. It is similar to the Mirage 2000M (Egypt).
- Mirage 2000-5EI (ROC-Taiwan) – Based on the Mirage 2000-5 and exported for the Republic of China (Taiwan).
- Mirage 2000-5EDA (Qatar) – The export variant for Qatar.
- Mirage 2000EAD/RAD (UAE) – The export variant for United Emirates Arab.
- Mirage 2000EG (Greece) – The export variant for Greece as a part of Talos modernization project. A total of 40 Mirages for the country and they can carry AM39 Exocet anti-ship missile.
- Mirage 2000BR (Brazil) – The export variant for Brazilian Air Force to replace Mirage IIIEBR/DBRs.
- Mirage 2000-9 – An improved export version of the Mirage 2000-5 Mk.2. The first customer was the United Arab Emirates.
Mirage 200 videos
Mirage 2000 Solo
French Air Force