Country of origin Soviet Union
Manufacturer Sukhoi OKB
First flight 2 August 1966
Numbers built 2,867
Unit costs Max speed Sea level: 1,400 km/h (755 knots, 870 mph)
Altitude: 1,860 km/h (1,005 knots, 1,380 mph, Mach 2.0)
Max range Combat: 1,150 km (620 nm, 419 mi) in hi-lo-hi attack with 2,000 kg (4,409 lb) warload
Ferry: 2,300 km (1,240 nmi, 1,430 mi)
Service ceiling: 14,200 m (46,590 ft)
Dimensions Length: 19.02 m (62 ft 5 in)
Spread: 13.68 m (44 ft 11 in)
Swept: 10.02 m (32 ft 10 in)
Height: 5.12 m (16 ft 10 in)
Spread: 38.5 m² (415 ft²)
Swept: 34.5 m² (370 ft²)
Weight Empty weight: 12,160 kg (26,810 lb)
Loaded weight: 16,400 kg (36,155 lb)
Powerplant 1 x Lyulka AL-21F-3 afterburning turbojet
Armament 2 x 30 mm Nudelman-Rikhter NR-30 cannon, 80 rpg
Two underwing launch rails for R-60 (AA-8 'Aphid') air-to-air missiles for self-defense
Up to 4000 kg (8,820 lb) on ten hardpoints (three under the fixed portion of each wing, four on the fuselage sides), including free-fall bombs, rocket pods, cluster bombs, SPPU-22-01 cannon pods with traversable barrels, ECM pods, napalm tanks, and nuclear weapons. Current aircraft compatible with Kh-23 (AS-7 'Kerry'), Kh-25 (AS-10 'Karen'), Kh-29 (AS-14 'Kedge'), and Kh-58 (AS-11 'Kilter') guided missiles as well as electro-optical and laser-guided bombs.
Operators Current operators:
Angola, Libya, Poland, Syria, Vietnam, Yemen
Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Egypt, Germany, Hungary, Iraq, Iran, Kazakhstan, Peru, Russia, Slovakia, Soviet Union, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan
The Sukhoi Su-17 attack aircraft was constructed by Sukhoi to strengthen the air forces of the Soviet Union. The aircraft was developed from its predecessor the Sukhoi Su-7 fighter-bomber. The aircraft was also exported to other countries by using the designation Su-20 and Su-22. Even until now some countries still use this plane in their fighter squadrons, including Angola, Libya, Poland, Syria, Vietnam and Yemen. Other countries that also had been a user of this attack aircraft are Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Egypt, Germany, Hungary, Iraq, Iran, Peru, Russia, Slovakia, Soviet Union, Turkmenistan, Ukraine and Uzbekistan.
For those countries which at that time had a close relation to the Soviet Union, Sukhoi Su-17 had become a mainstay of them because this plane had a combat capability which equivalent to A-7 Corsair II, IAR 93, SEPECAT Jaguar, Soko J-22 Orao and Nanchang Q- 5.
Therefore, this aircraft saw combats in several conflicts in the world including the Yom Kippur War, 1982 Lebanon War, the Iran-Iraq War (1980-1988), and the 1991 Gulf War.
The Development of Sukhoi Su-17
Sukhoi Su-17 was developed in 1963 as the Soviet Union wanted to have a better attack aircraft of the Su-7B. OKB Sukhoi Su-7BM finally developed with the designation Su-7IG or S-22I. At a glance, Su-17 is similar to the Su-7, a striking difference seen in the wing and canopy.
On 2 August 1966, Sukhoi Su-17 flew for the first time. The aircraft had been produced over the past two decades, from 1969 to 1990. A total of 2.867 Su-17 was produced until 1990.
The aircraft is capable of achieving a maximum speed of 1.400 km / h (755 knots, 870 mph) at sea level and 1.860 km h (1.005 knots, 1.380 mph, Mach 2.0) at altitude. For combat range, the Sukhoi Su-17 could reach 1.150 km (620 nm, 419 mi) in hi-lo-hi attack with 2.000 kg (4.409 lb) warload.
To carry out its mission as an attack aircraft, the Sukhoi Su-17 is armed with two 30 mm Nudelman-Rikhter NR-30 cannon, two R-60 (AA-8 ‘aphid’) air-to-air missiles for self-defense. The aircraft is also capable of carrying up to 4000 kg (8.820 lb) on ten hardpoints including free-fall bombs, rocket pods, cluster bombs, 22-01 SPPU-cannon pods with traversable barrels, ECM pods, napalm tanks, and nuclear weapons.
The Variants of the Sukhoi Su-17
Sukhoi OKB developed several variants of the Sukhoi Su-17, including:
- Su-7IG (S-22I, ‘Fitter-B’) – Su-7BM variable geometry wing demonstrator.
- Su-17 (S-32, ‘Fitter-B’) – Features longer fuselage of the two-seat Su-7U trainer.
- Su-17K – export version of the Su-17 for Egyptian Air Force
- Su-17M (S-32M, ‘Fitter-C’) – First major production version, introduced Lyulka AL-21F-3 engine, twin pitot tubes, new navigation and attack computer. Exported to Egypt, Poland, and Syria.
- Su-17R – Modified Su-17M which is able to carry reconnaissance pods.
- Su-17M2 (S-32M2, ‘Fitter-D’) – Modified with extended nose 38 cm (15 in), deleting ranging radar to improve pilot visibility.
- Su-17M2D – Powered by Tumansky/Khatchaturov R-29BS-300 engine.
- Su-17UM (S-52U, ‘Fitter-E’) – First two-seat trainer version, based on the Su-17M2
- Su-17M3 (S-52, ‘Fitter-H’) – Built based on the revised airframe of the Su-17UM, but with an avionics bay and an additional fuel tank in place of the rear cockpit, increasing the internal fuel capacity to 4850 l (1,280 U.S. gal).
- Su-17UM (S-52UM) – The initial trainer version with the same avionics suite as the Su-17M.
- Su-17UM3 (S-52UM3, ‘Fitter-G’) – Revised trainer with the same avionics suite as the Su-17M3.
- Su-17M4 (S-54, ‘Fitter-K’) – Final production version with considerably upgraded avionics.
- Su-20 – The initial export version of the Su-17M, (S-32MK).
- Su-22M5 – A Russian-French upgrade package offered for existing aircraft with modernized cockpit, HOTAS, improved avionic systems.
- Su-22U – The S-52U two-seat combat-trainer, export version of the Su-17UM, featuring a completely re-designed nose housing the tandem cockpits for student and instructor.
Sukhoi Su 17/20/22 videos
Sukhoi SU-17 Fitter-B