Type All-weather attack aircraft
Country of origin Soviet Union
First flight T-6: 2 July 1967
T-6-2I: 17 January 1970
Produced Numbers built Approximately 1,400
Unit costs US$24-25 million in 1997
Max speed 1,315 km/h (710 kn, 815 mph, Mach 1.08) at sea level; Mach 1.35 at high altitude
Max range Combat radius: 615 km in a low-flying (lo-lo-lo) attack mission with 3,000 kg (6,615 lb) ordnance and external tanks ()
Ferry range: 2,775 km (1,500 nm, 1,725 mi)
Service ceiling: 11,000 m (36,090 ft)
Dimensions Length: 22.53 m (73 ft 11 in)
Wingspan: 17.64 m extended, 10.37 m maximum sweep (57 ft 10 in / 34 ft 0 in)
Height: 6.19 m (20 ft 4 in)
Wing area: 55.2 m² (594 ft²)
Weight Empty weight: 22,300 kg (49,165 lb)
Loaded weight: 38,040 kg (83,865 lb)
Max takeoff weight: 43,755 kg (96,505 lb)
Powerplant 2 x Saturn/Lyulka AL-21F-3A turbojets
Armament 1 x GSh-6-23 cannon, 500 rounds of ammunition
Up to 8,000 kg (17,640 lb) ordnance on 8 hardpoints, including up to 4 x Kh-23 radio-command missiles; up to 4 x Kh-25ML laser-guided missiles; up to 2 × Kh-28, Kh-58, or Kh-31P anti-radiation missiles; up to 3 x Kh-29L/T laser/TV-guided medium-range air-to-surface missiles; up to 2 x Kh-59 TV-command guided missiles, or KAB-500KR TV-guided and KAB-500L laser-guided bombs.
Unguided rocket launchers with 55 mm S-5 rockets, 80 mm S-8 rockets, or 120 mm S-13 rockets
Other weapon options include general-purpose bombs, external gun pods, and tactical nuclear bombs.
2 x R-60 air-to-air missiles are normally carried for self-defense; upgrade aircraft can carry R-73 as well.
Operators Current Operators:
Algeria, Angola, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Iran, Kazakhstan, Russia, Syria, Ukraine, Uzbekistan
Iraq, Libya, Soviet Union
The Sukhoi Su-24 is an all-weather and supersonic aircraft that became the backbone of the Soviet Air Force in the 1980’s. The attack aircraft is comparable with the General Dynamics F-111 Aardvark, Panavia Tornado IDS and Xian JH-7. Some air forces, especially the Russian Air Force still operates the aircraft which NATO calls it the Fencer.
The aircraft was also exported to various countries and have been deployed to various battlefields, including the Soviet War in Afghanistan in the 1980’s, Operation Desert Storm, Second Chechen War, 2008 South Ossetia war, and 2011 Libyan civil war.
The Development of Sukhoi Su-24
Sukhoi Su-24 Fencer began to be developed by Sukhoi OKB -794 in the early 1960s to meet the demand of the Soviet Union armed forces that required an attack aircraft that could fly at supersonic speeds at low altitudes. With this speed, the attack aircraft is expected to cross the line of enemy air defenses.
Research and development continued until in 1965 the Sukhoi created the first prototype, named T-6. In August 1968, the Sukhoi prototype used a variable geometry wing. After passing through various tests finally on 31 December 1971 the aircraft had its first flight and in February 1975 Sukhoi Su-24 entered into service. There are about 1400 units of Sukhoi Su-24 is produced and used by several air forces in the world.
The Design of the Sukhoi Su-24
Sukhoi Su-24 is designed to do a quick strike and able to do a Short Take Off and Landing (STOL) with a maximum speed of 1.315 km/h (710 kn, 815 mph, Mach 1.08) at sea level and the design of its wings, two of these requirements would be met by the Sukhoi Su-24. The maximum speed is obtained from the two engines the Saturn/Lyulka AL-21F-3A turbojets.
The aircraft is armed with single fast-firing GSh-6-23 cannon with 500 rounds of ammunition that is placed on the fuselage Underside. Eight external hardpoints are capable of placing a variety of weapons weighing 8,000 kg (17,600 lb), including nuclear weapons. To protect itself, Sukhoi Su-24 is also equipped with four infrared aphid R-60 missiles.
The aircraft is continuously developed and has several variants including the Su-24M2 Fencer-D which equipped with more weaponry and Su-24MR Fencer-E which acts as a reconnaissance aircraft.
The Operators of the Sukhoi Su-24
Since the first production, the Su-24 was also marketed to many countries. Some air forces, which until now were still operate the Sukhoi Su-24 are Algerian Air Force (32 units of Su-24MK – later upgraded to Su-24M2 standard), Angolan Air Force (12 units of standard Su-24, possibly ex Belarussian Air Force), Azerbaijan Air Force (3 units of standard Su-24), Belarussian Air Force (22 units of the Su-24M and 12 units of Su-24MR), Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force (around 36 units of standard Su- 24), Kazakhstan military (12 units of standard Su-24), Russian Air Force and Russian Naval Aviation (a total of 415 units of Various variants), Syirian Air Force (20 units), Ukrainian Air Force (130 units) and the military of Uzbekistan.
Sukhoi Su-24 videos
Sukhoi Su-24 FENCER-D