Sukhoi Su-34 Fullback
Country of origin Russia
First flight 13 April 1990
Introduced 21 December 2009
Numbers built 28
Unit costs US$36 million
Max speed High altitude: Mach 1.8 (1,900 km/h, 1,180 mph)
Low altitude: Mach 1.2 (1,400 km/h, 870 mph) at sea level
Max range Combat radius: 1,100 km (680 mi)
Ferry range: 4,000 km (2,490 mi)
Service ceiling: 15,000 m (49,200 ft)
Dimensions Length: 23.34 m (72 ft 2 in)
Wingspan: 14.7 m (48 ft 3 in)
Height: 6.09 m (19 ft 5 in)
Weight Loaded weight: 39,000 kg (85,980 lb
Max takeoff weight: 45,100 kg (99,425 lb)
Powerplant 2 × Lyulka AL-31FM1 turbofans, 13,500 kgf (132 kN, 29,762 lbf) with afterburner each
Armament Guns: 1 × 30 mm GSh-30-1 (9A-4071K) cannon, 180 rounds
Hardpoints: 12 × wing and fuselage stations with a capacity of 8,000 kg (17,630 lb) and provisions to carry combinations of:
R-27 air-to-air missile
R-73 air-to-air missile
R-77 air-to-air missile
Kh-35 Ural (AS-20)
Kh-65S OR Kh-SD
Moskit or P-800 Oniks anti-ship missile
KAB-500L OR KAB-500KR
KAB-1500L/KR guided bombs
FAB-250,FAB-500,FAB-1500 unguided bombs
S-8, S-13, S-25 rocket pods
Other: fuel tanks, EW and reconnaissance pods, nuclear bombs.
The Development of Su-34
The development programme of Su-34 commenced in the mid-1980s which trying to find a substitution for the swing-wing Su-24. The selected platform was the naval trainer derivative Su-27K design for its maneuverability, operational range and large payload.
Western intelligence reported that a new jet fighter, which they erroneously called as Su-27KU, took its first flight on 13 August 1990. Flight tests continued throughout 1990 and into 1991.
The Design of Su-34
The aircraft frame is generally similar to the Su-27/Su-30; however, the Su-34 features a new nose, forward fuselage and side-by-side seating for two crews in the cockpit, with the pilot-commander to the left and navigator/operator of weapons to the right. The cockpit is pressurized that it enables operating approximately 10, 000 metres (32, 800 ft) without oxygen masks that are accessible for emergencies and combat scenarios. The space relating to the seats makes it possible for the crews to lie down in the corridor. A small toilet and a galley are placed at the rear of the crew seats. The crew members have space to stand and move about the cabin during long missions.
The Su-34’s long range capability was demonstrated in a July 2010 exercise when Su-34s and Su-24Ms were relocated from Russian bases in Europe to another base on the Pacific coast; the distance is around 6, 000 kilometres away and definetly such a flight requires in-flight refuelling. The Su-34 was refuelled twice while the Su-24Ms needed three times refuelling.
The Su-34 features the AL-31FM1 engine, similar as featured in the Su-27SM, which can reach the maximum speed of Mach 1.8+.
This fighter-bomber keeps using the Su-27/Su-30’s 30 mm GSh-30-1 cannon and it is able destroy hardened and well-camouflaged targets at a range of up to 250 km. The wing and fuselage stations with a capacity of 8,000 kg (17,630 lb) and provisions can carry combinations of air-toair missiles such as Vympel R27,R73 and R77 (RVV-AE) and several bombs such as laser-guided KAB-500L and nuclear bomb and alos some rockets such as S-8 and S-13.
Considering its capabilities, the Su-34 is comparable to the F-15 Strike Eagle and Panavia Tornado.
Sukhoi SU-34 Fullback
Sukhoi Su-34 Fullback (Rare Videos)